The meaning, structure, and scope of citizenship are evolving, as social, cultural, economic, geographic, and political norms adapt and respond to modern times. By contrast, the actual legal mechanisms through which individuals can become citizens of one country or another have been surprisingly constant over time and categorizing them is relatively straightforward. This article distinguishes ius doni, or citizenship-by-investment, from ius soli (citizenship-by-birth) and ius sanguinis (citizenship-by-bloodline) and provides an overview of the vibrant industry that has sprung up around citizenship-by-investment in recent decades. It concludes with a statement about the industry’s current direction and future prospects.
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